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a tax or impost paid by a subordinate to a superior — In his encyclopedic Lexicon Technicum: or, an Universal English Dictionary of Arts and Sciences Explaining not only the Terms of Art, but the Arts Themselves (1st edn., 1704–10), the mathematician and natural philosopher John Harris (c.1666–1719) described tithes as “of three Sorts. (1.) Praedial Tythes, which arise wholly or chiefly from the Earth; as of Corn, Hay, Underwood, Fruits, &c. (2.) Mixt Tythes are such as arise from Beast and other Animals pastured, or fed with the Fruits of the Earth; as Colts, Calves, Lambs, Wool, Milk, Fowls, &c. (3.) Personal Tythes, which are the Profits arising from the Labour, Art, Trade, Negotiation, and Industry of Men. Great Tythes, are of the Tenths of Corn, Hay, and Wood only. All others being called Small Tythes.” (J. Harris, Lexicon Technicum, 2 vols., 1710, s.v. Tythes, 2.n. pag.) ::